Acid from the stomach rises into the oesophagus in those who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A doctor may diagnose gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) if a patient feels chronic acid reflux more than twice a week. The oesophagus is a tube that connects the mouth to the stomach, transporting food from one to the other. It is conceivable that acid in the oesophagus may cause tissue damage and produce heartburn and other symptoms.
Fast facts on GERD:-
- Acid reflux disease (GERD) is caused by a weak or broken valve that connects your stomach and oesophagus.
- In certain cases, acid from the stomach may make its way up into the oesophagus and inflict severe injury to tissue.
- It is possible to lower the risk of GERD by maintaining a healthy weight, stopping smoking, and managing stress.
- PPIs, antacids, and other drugs, as well as a change in diet and lifestyle, may be used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Individuals suffering from recurrent acid reflux symptoms should see their doctor, who may refer them to a gastroenterologist, an expert in gut medicine who may do additional testing.
Diagnostic testing for GERD might include the following procedures:
Oesophageal pH and impedance monitoring: This technique monitors the quantity of acid in the oesophagus while the body is in various states, such as eating or sleeping.
In the upper GI endoscopy, a camera may be used to see down the oesophagus, which is used to check the digestive tract. A tiny sample of tissue may also be obtained as part of the biopsy process.
Treatment of these infrequent episodes with over-the-counter antacids and simple lifestyle adjustments, such as waiting a few hours after eating before lying down, may typically provide relief. However, suppose you have heartburn more than twice a week and simple lifestyle adjustments do not seem to be helping. In that case, you may be suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and must contact Dr Ujjwal Zambare for better treatment options.