Stomach surgery is required in the condition which is not treated with non-invasive treatment options available. Stomach acid disease, when not treated with conservative, non-invasive means may require surgery. Removal of the stomach is a standard treatment in the management of stomach cancer. Other diseases which require stomach surgery include gastroparesis, and dysphagia.
Surgery may be done to remove the cancer and part or all of the stomach, as well as some nearby lymph nodes and other structures, depending on the location and stage (extent) of the cancer. The surgeon will try to leave behind as much normal stomach as possible. Sometimes other organs will need to be removed as well.
What Is Stomach Cancer?
Stomach cancer is the formation of cancerous cells in the stomach lining. Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer. The condition may occur at any part of the stomach. Patients with stomach cancer experience indigestion and pain in the stomach. Although the sixth most common cancer all over the world, it is third in claiming lives due to cancer.
Stomach cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that begins in the stomach. The stomach is a muscular sac located in the upper middle of your abdomen, just below your ribs. Your stomach receives and holds the food you eat and then helps to break down and digest it.
What are the causes of Stomach Cancer?
The main cause of stomach cancer is a genetic mutation (change) in the cells of the stomach, which causes the cells to grow rapidly and eventually form a tumor. Risk factors that can increase a person’s chance of getting stomach cancer include:
- Family history
- Infection from Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria
- A diet high in salt
- A diet that does not include many fruits and vegetables
Factors that increase the risk of stomach cancer include:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- Family history of stomach cancer
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori
- Long-term stomach inflammation (gastritis)
- Stomach polyps
What Are The Symptoms of Stomach Cancer?
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty swallowing
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Feeling tired
- Vomiting blood (in advanced stages)
What Are The Treatment Options For Stomach Cancer?
Stomach cancer can be managed through medications, radiotherapy, and surgery. The treatment strategy is based on the stage and severity of the disease. Medications include chemotherapy, targeted medications, and immunotherapy. Surgical options for stomach cancer include Subtotal gastrectomy in which a portion of the stomach is removed, Total gastrectomy, and Endoscopic mucosal resection. Now a day’s these surgeries can be done through laparoscopic methods (Key Hole surgery) also.
Any treatment, including chemotherapy or radiation therapy, is considered palliative therapy. Surgery is rarely used, and the main treatment is usually chemotherapy. It is important to note that studies show that the use of palliative chemotherapy for stomach cancer can improve both the length and quality of life.
- Maintain a healthy weight. If you’re overweight or obese, talk to your doctor about strategies to help you lose weight. Aim for a slow and steady weight loss of 1 or 2 pounds a week.
- Choose a diet full of fruits and vegetables. Try to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet each day. Choose a wide variety of colorful fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce the amount of salty and smoked foods you eat. Protect your stomach by limiting these foods.
- Stop smoking. If you smoke, quit. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Smoking increases your risk of stomach cancer, as well as many other types of cancer. Quitting smoking can be very difficult, so ask your doctor for help.
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Book your appointment with Dr. Ujwal Zambare he is having 12 years of experience in Gastro-intestinal surgery, oncology, minimally invasive surgery and Liver, Pancreas, Biliary tract surgery.
Dr. Ujwal Zambare
MBBS, MS (General Surgery), DNB (Gastrointestinal Surgery)
Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
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